The course is a first introduction to the study of English linguistics and aims at helping students develop a higher degree of metalinguistic awareness in relation to two different levels of linguistic analysis, namely the phonetic-phonological level, and the morphological level. By the end of the course students will be able to recognise, produce, describe and classify the sounds of the English language, and will have developed the ability to observe phonetic variation across main varieties. As for the morphological level, by the end of the course students will be able to identify word classes, to describe the way words are structured, and to recognise the most productive formation processes through which words are produced.
PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY
- Definition of phonetics and phonology and their focus of study
- The relationship between spelling and pronunciation: grapheme, phoneme, phone, allophone
- The International Phonetic Alphabet
- The speech organs
- The phonological system of the English language
- Classification of vowel sounds: the vowel trapezoid
- Classification of consonant sounds: voicing, place of articulation, manner of articulation
- The concept of minimal pair
- Phonological transcription vs phonetic transcription
- Connected speech: assimilation, elision, vocing/de-voicing phenomena, weak vs strong forms, linking phenomena.
- The syllable
- Word stress pattern
- Sentence stress: stressed vs unstressed syllable, rhythm
- Main phonetic-phonological differences between GB, GA, and the use of English as a lingua franca (EFL)
- Definition of morphology and its focus of study
- The morpheme and the concept of allomorgh
- Simple vs complex words
- Word classes and subclasses
- Grammar vs lexical words
- The main word-formation processes:
- derivation with affixation
- abbreviation (acronyms and initialisms)
- The main English suffixes and prefixes
Facchinetti, Roberta (2016) English Phonetics and Morphology. A Reader for First Year University Students (3rd ed.). Verona: Quiedit.
Kuiper, Koenraad and W. Scott Allan (2017) An Introduction to English Language: Word, Sound and Sentence (4th ed.). Houndsmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Cruttenden, Alan (2014) Gimson's Pronunciation of English. London: Routledge.
Plag, Ingo (2003) Word-Formation in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
The course consists of 18 classes and combines frontal teaching with class activities and practice in preparation for the final exam. The pdf. docs of the teaching sessions as well as other materials for the final written exam will be made available on the Moodle platform throughout the course.
The course will be held entirely in English.
|Kuiper, K. and W. S. Allan||An Introduction to English Language: Word, Sound and Sentence (4th edition) (Edizione 4)||Palgrave Macmillan||2016|
|Facchinetti, R.||English Phonetics and Morphology. A reader for first year university students (Edizione 3)||QuiEdit||2016|
|Cruttenden, A.||Gimson's Pronunciation of English||Routledge||2014|
|Plag, Ingo||Word-Formation in English||Cambridge University Press||2003|
Pre-requisite: B2 language certificate (Council of Europe). This can be obtained from the Language Centre (CLA) or from a number of certified language institutes (see student guide). For certificates gained at external institutes a certificato di equipollenza issued by the CLA is needed.
Aims: the exam aims at evaluating:
- knowledge and understanding of the topics in the syllabus
- ability to make linguistic analyses at both the phonetic-phonological and morphological levels
- metalinguistic awareness
Contents: students will be examined on the whole range of topics listed in the syllabus.
Assessment: a written exam consisting of 30 items including open questions, multiple choice questions, phonetic/phonological transcriptions, and exercises. The exam format will be illustrated in detail during the course. During the last class students will have the opportunity to perform a mock exam.
The exam lasts one hour.
Evaluation: the final mark (/out of 30) will derive from the evaluation of the written exam (50%) and the mark of the B2 language certificate (50%).
Final note: the contents of the exam are the same for attending and non-attending students. All students will be tested for the same skills (see exam aims).