This class aims at developing and consolidating students’ competence in the phonological and morphological aspects of contemporary English, also paying attention to their evolution over time.
Students should also acquire a linguistic competence in English at a B2 level according to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.
1. BRIEF HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF THE BIRTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
2. PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY
- Definition of phonetics and phonology
- The International Phonetic Alphabet
- The relationship between spelling and pronunciation in English: grapheme, phoneme, phone, allophone
- The speech organs
- The phonological system of the English language
- Classification of vowel sounds: the vowel trapezoid
- Classification of consonant sounds: voicing, place of articulation, manner of articulation
- The concept of 'minimal pair'
- Phonological transcription vs phonetic transcription
- Connected speech: assimilation, elision, vocing/de-voicing phenomena, weak vs strong forms, linking phenomena.
- The syllable
- Word stress pattern
- Sentence stress: stressed vs unstressed syllables, rhythm
- Main phonetic-phonological differences between GB, GA, and the use of English as a lingua franca (EFL)
- Definition of morphology
- The morpheme and the concept of allomorph
- Word classes and subclasses
- Grammar vs lexical words
- Simple vs complex words
- The main word-formation processes:
. derivation with affixation
. abbreviation (acronyms and initialisms)
- The main English suffixes and prefixes
Svartvik, J. and Leech, G. (2006). English: One Tongue, Many voices. Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
PART 2, PART 3
Facchinetti, Roberta (2016) English Phonetics and Morphology. A Reader for First Year University Students (3rd ed.). Verona: Quiedit.
Kuiper, Koenraad and W. Scott Allan (2017). An Introduction to English Language: Word, Sound and Sentence (4th ed.). Houndsmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Additional suggested readings
Cruttenden, Alan (2014) Gimson's Pronunciation of English. London: Routledge.
Plag, Ingo (2003) Word-Formation in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
The course programme is the same for attendees and non-attendees.
The course is structured in 18 classes and combines frontal teaching with class activities and practice in preparation for the final exam. The slides of the teaching sessions will be made available on the Moodle platfororm at the end of each teaching week. The course will be held entirely in English.
|Kuiper, K. and W. S. Allan||An Introduction to English Language: Word, Sound and Sentence (4th edition) (Edizione 4)||Palgrave Macmillan||2016|
|Svartvik, J. and Leech, G.||English. One tongue, many voices||Palgrave Macmillan||2006|
|Facchinetti, R.||English Phonetics and Morphology. A reader for first year university students (Edizione 3)||QuiEdit||2016|
|Cruttenden, A.||Gimson's Pronunciation of English||Routledge||2014|
|Plag, Ingo||Word-Formation in English||Cambridge University Press||2003|
Prerequisite: B2 proficiency in English (Council of Europe). To take the exam, students need to have passed English Level B2. The certification can be obtained either from the Language Centre (CLA) or from another certified language institute (see CLA site). For certificates gained at external organisations, students are required to get a 'certificato di equipollenza' issued by the CLA to attest the validity of the external certificate.
The exam aims at evaluating:
- knowledge and understanding of the topics in the syllabus
- ability to make linguistic analyses at both the phonetic-phonological and morphological levels
- metalinguistic awareness
Contents: the whole range of topics listed in the syllabus.
Assessment: written exam consisting of 30 items including open questions, multiple choice questions, phonetic/phonological transcriptions, and further practical exercises relating to the topics listed in the syllabus. During the last class students will have the opportunity to perform a mock exam. The mock exam will also be available on Moodle at the end of the course. The exam lasts 1 hour.
Evaluation: the final mark is calculated as the average between the mark awarded for the written exam (50%) and the mark for the complete B2 test, to be converted according to the CLA tables (50%).
Exam contents and format are the same for attending and non-attending students.